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Open uri20210827 1602 105h7s7?1630060178
Asma Javed
10 months ago
Logo designs #logo
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Biya Boutique
10 months ago
Unique and Beautiful short frocks Exclusively stitched Best quality material Ready to wear
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Zoiya Hassan
10 months ago
*Pure Lawn Fabric* *Net Applique With Silk Thread Embroidery* *Excellent Quality Pure Lawn* *Full Size Chadar* *Black on black Silk Thread Embroidery * *2.75 Yard length* *1.5 Yard Width*
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shanila khan
10 months ago
PSYCHOLICAL DISORDER AND ANCIENT TREATMENTS: The field devoted to the scientific study of the problems we find so facinating is usually called psychological disorder. Psychological disorder are a popular subject in todays movies, novels and television shows. The scientific study of abnormal behaviour in an effort to describe , predict, explain and change abnormal pattern of functioning is known as abnormal psychology. WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGICAL ABNORMALITY: Although many definitions of abnormality have been purposed over the year, none is universally accepted. Still most of the definitions have certain features in common ,often called "the four D'S": Deviance, Distress, Dysfunctioning , Danger. The pattern of psychological disorder are typically deviant( different, extreme, unusual); distressing(unpleasant and upsetting to the person); dysfunctioning(interfering with the person's ability to conduct daily activities in constructive way); and possibly the last stage is danger. DAVIANCE: Thoughts and emotions that are different from those that are considered normal in our place ,time and society.In short, behaviour, thoughts and emotions are deemed abnormal when the violate or against society's idea about proper functioning . Each society has its own rule and regulations, each society establishes thier NORMS( A society stated and unstated rules for proper conduct). Behavior, thoughts and emotions that violate norms of psychological functioning are called abnormal. judgement of abnormality depends on specific circumstances as well as on cultural norms(A people's common history ,values, institutions ,habits , skills, technology and arts). For example ;we do not expects people to cry themselves to sleep each night , wish themselves dead or obey voice that no one else hears. DISTRESS: Even functioning that is considered unusual does not necessarily qualify abnormal. According to many clinical theorists, behaviour , idea , or emotions usually have to cause distress before they can labeled as abnormal. for example ; consider aa group of people who go for swimmimg in lakes throughout the states every weekened from November to February. The colder the weather no any other person go for swimming in such a cold weather. this time is behavior is different and some time unpleasant for others. in some cases, not necessarily, some people who functioning abnormally maintain a positive frame of mind. DYSFUNCTION: Abnormal behaviour tends to be dysfunction; that it is interferes with daily functioning. People with dysfuntioning feel upset, distract, or confusing that they cant not care for themselves properly , and they d'ont properly participate in ordinary social interactions, or productively.Here again one's culture plays a role in the definition of abnormality. Our society holds that it is very important to carry out daily activities in an effective , self-enhancing manner. Dysfunction alone does not necessrily indicates psychological abnormality. DANGER: Perhaps the ultimate in psychological dysfunctioning is behaviour that become dangerous to oneself or other. Individuals whose behaviour is consistently careless, hostile, or confused may be placing themselves or those that are around them at risk WHAT IS TREATMENT? Treatments or therapy is a procedure designed to change abnormal behaviour into more normal. HOW WAS ABNORMALITY VIEWED AND TREAT IN THE PAST? ANCIENT VIEWS AND TREATMENTS: Ancient societies viewed and treated people with mental disturbances is limited. These early societies apparently explained all phenomena as a result from action of magicals and evil spirit. They viewed the human body and mind as a battle ground between external forces of good and evil. Abnormal behaviour was typically interpreted by the victory of evil spirit. This supernatural views of abnormality may have begun as far as back stone age a half million year ago . Some skull from that period recovered in Europe and America show evidence of an operation called "Trephination" in which a stone instrument or trephine, was gused to cut a circular section of a skull.bThis operation was performed as a treatment for sever abnormal behaviour i-e hallucination , in which people saw and heard things not actually present or melancholia ,characterized by extreme sadness and immobility. The purpose of opening the skull was to release the spirit that was causing problems. The other treatment for abnormality in these early societies was often "Exorcism" the idea to coax the spirit to leave or to make the person's body an uncomfortable place in which to live . GREEK AND ROMAN VIEWS AND TREATMENT: I n the era of 500 BC to 500 AD was the Greek and Roman periods. Many Greek and Roman philospher and physicians identified a number of mental disorder. Melancholia, a condition marked by unshakable sadness ; mania, a state of euphoria and frenzied activity. Dementia; a generall intellectual decline ;hysteria , the presence of physical ailments with no apparent physical cause,; delusions, blatantly false believes; and hallucination, the experience of imagined sights and sounds as if they were real. Hippocrates(460-377BC) often called the father of modern medicines , taught that illnesses had natural causes. He believed that some form of brain pathology was a culprit and that it result in the form of diseases in his views from an imbalance of four fluids or humors that makes the body ill. these four fluids are yellow bile, black bile , blood and phlgem. For example an excess of yellow bile cause mania , an excess of black bile cause melancholia.To treat the psychological disorder Hippocarate sought to correct the physical pathology
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Zoiya Hassan
10 months ago
*Swiss Lawn Fabric* *Border Style 2 Sided Embroidery* *Tilla Thread Embroidery On Blue and Silk Thread On Black* *Excellent Quality Swiss Lawn* *Full Size Chadar* *2.75 Yard length* *1.5 Yard Width*
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Rakhshanda
10 months ago
flowers from ribbon you can use it on cloths ,had bands or anywahere ,wahere you like it
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maira sultan
10 months ago
Transparent bags for funky girls and for women.Rs:1300
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KHADIJA
10 months ago
Denier Comforters *7 Pieces Comforter Set* Fabric: Denier (40% cotton, 60% polyester) non slip material *Fine Quality* '(1 Bed Sheet King size 94"
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KHADIJA
10 months ago
Tissot pvc rubber strap Double time Digital Analog Stop watch *Price: 3550 with delivery*
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mrs khalil
10 months ago
Hello to everyone who joins the course and nice to meet you! Good luck with the course and see you in the next lesson!
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zari khan
11 months ago
party wear
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Biya Boutique
11 months ago
NEW ARRIVAL Summer Collection Brand BIYA.B Casual Wear Unique and Beautiful Dress Exclusively stitched Best quality material Ready to Wear
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Open uri20210807 29276 1keylcd?1628336707
Biya Boutique
11 months ago
NEW ARRIVAL Summer Collection Brand BIYA.B Casual Wear Unique and Beautiful Dress Exclusively stitched Best quality material Ready to Wear
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Open uri20210807 29276 1keylcd?1628336707
Biya Boutique
11 months ago
NEW ARRIVAL Summer Collection Brand BIYA.B Casual Wear Unique and Beautiful Dress Exclusively stitched Best quality material Ready to Wear
6j461628934854972 img2021081414541022
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HN Collections
11 months ago
J. digital lawn 3 piece suits with Lawn dupatta Price: 2000 Market price: 2800
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HN Collections
11 months ago
popular Black ND white 2 piece suits ( shirt and dupatta) 1400/= Market price 1800/=
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HN Collections
11 months ago
Orchid by REGALIA Digital printed 3 piece suits with Lawn while dopatta price: 2000/= Original market price 2999/=
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Open uri20210807 29276 1keylcd?1628336707
Biya Boutique
11 months ago
NEW ARRIVAL Summer Collection Brand BIYA.B This beautiful dress is best option for your hangouts and get together. Casual Wear Exclusively stitched Best quality material
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HN Collections
11 months ago
J. two piece digital printed lawn suits ( shirt& dupatta) price: 1400 market price 2100/=
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HN Collections
11 months ago
Brand: Muskan Digital lawn printed 3 piece suits with long while dupatta price: 2000/= Market price: 2600- 2800
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